MEANINGS OF FLOWERS

The Society of American Florists has compiled these lists of flowers meanings from a variety of sources.

In Victorian times, certain flowers had specific meanings because the flower selection was limited and people used more symbols and gestures to communicate than words. But today, with so many flower choices, there are no rules – it’s the sentiment that gives the gift its meaning. Your florist can help you send the right message. Many people assign their own personal meanings – a flower or color that might remind them of a special event or moment in their lives. For those interested in the historic meanings of flowers, the Society of American Florists has compiled this list from a variety of different sources.

Victoria’s Flower Dictionary in “The Language of Flowers” Novel

cover-language-of-flowers-Paper back coverVanessa Diffenbaugh’s novel “The Language of Flowers” tells the story of Victoria, a young woman from the foster-care system who uses the Victorian language of flowers to communicate with others and make sense of her troubled past. Diffenbaugh created Victoria’s Flower Dictionary by reviewing several dictionaries – “The Flower Vase” by Miss S. C. Edgarton, “Language of Flowers” by Kate Greenaway, “The Language and Sentiment of Flowers” by James D. McCabe, and “Flora’s Lexicon” by Catharine H. Waterman – and scanning the meanings, selecting the definition that occurred most often or she liked the best.

BIRTH MONTH FLOWERS

Month

Flower

JanuaryCarnation
FebruaryIris, Violet
MarchDaffodil
AprilDaisy, Peonies
MayLily, Lily of the Valley
JuneRose
JulyDelphinium
AugustDahlia, Gladiolus
SeptemberAster, Forget-me-not
OctoberCalendula (aka Marigold)
NovemberChrysanthemum
DecemberPoinsettia, Holly, Narcissus, Paperwhite

STATE FLOWERS

State

Flower

AlabamaCamellia
AlaskaForget-me-not
ArizonaSaguaro Cactus blossom
ArkansasApple blossom
CaliforniaCalifornia Poppy
ColoradoRocky Mountain Columbine
ConnecticutMountain laurel
DelawarePeach blossom
FloridaOrange blossom
GeorgiaCherokee Rose
HawaiiHawaiian hibiscus (ma‘o hau hele)
IdahoMock Orange
IllinoisPurple Violet
IndianaPeony
IowaWild Prairie Rose
KansasSunflower
KentuckyGoldenrod
LouisianaMagnolia
MaineWhite pine cone and tassel
MarylandBlack-eyed susan
MassachusettsMayflower
MichiganApple blossom
MinnesotaPink and white lady’s slipper
MississippiMagnolia
MissouriHawthorn
MontanaBitterroot
NebraskaGoldenrod
NevadaSagebrush
New HampshirePurple lilac
New JerseyViolet
New MexicoYucca flower
New YorkRose
North CarolinaAmerican Dogwood
North DakotaWild Prairie Rose
OhioScarlet Carnation
OklahomaOklahoma Rose
Oklahoma (Floral Emblem)Mistletoe
Oklahoma (Wildflower)Indian Blanket
OregonOregon grape
PennsylvaniaMountain Laurel
Rhode IslandViolet
South CarolinaYellow Jessamine
South DakotaPasque flower
TennesseeIris
TexasBluebonnet
UtahSego lily
VermontRed Clover
VirginiaAmerican Dogwood
WashingtonCoast Rhododendron
West VirginiaRhododendron
WisconsinWood Violet
WyomingIndian Paintbrush

MEANING OF FLOWERS

Flower

Meaning

Alstroemeriaaspiring
Amaryllisdramatic
Anemonefragile
Apple Blossompromis
Astercontentment
Azaleaabundance
Baby’s Breathfestivity
Bachelor Buttonanticipation
Begoniadeep thoughts
Black-Eyed Susanencouragement
Camelliagraciousness
Carnation
pinkgratitude
redflashy
stripedrefusal
whiteremembrance
yellowcheerful
Chrysanthemum
bronzeexcitement
whitetruth
redsharing
yellowsecret admirer
Cosmospeaceful
Crocusforesight
Daffodilchivalry
Delphiniumboldness
Daisyinnocence
Freesiaspirited
Forget-Me-Notremember me forever
Gardeniajoy
Geraniumcomfort
Gingerproud
Gladiolusstrength of character
Heathersolitude
Hibiscusdelicate beauty
Hollydomestic happiness
Hyacinthsincerity
Hydrangeaperseverance
Irisinspiration
Ivyfidelity
Jasminegrace and elegance
Larkspurbeautiful spirit
Lavenderdistrust
Lilacfirst love
Lily
Callaregal
Casablancacelebration
Dayenthusiasm
Stargazerambition
Lisianthuscalming
Magnoliadignity
Marigolddesire for riches
Nasturtiumpatriotism
Orange Blossomfertility
Orchiddelicate beauty
Pansyloving thoughts
Passion flowerpassion
Peonyhealing
Poppyconsolation
Queen Anne’s Lacedelicate femininity
Ranunculusradiant
Rhododendronbeware
Rose
pinkadmiration/appreciation
redpassionate love
red & whiteunity
whitepurity
yellowfriendship
Snapdragonpresumptuous
Star of Bethlehemhope
Stephanotisgood luck
Staticesuccess
Sunfloweradoration
Sweetpeashyness
Tuberosepleasure
Tulip
pinkcaring
purpleroyalty
reddeclaration of love
whiteforgiveness
yellowhopelessly in love
Violetfaithfulness
Wisteriasteadfast
Yarrowgood health
Zinniathoughts of friends

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